Science Education

  • Refer to Science Flow Chart 

    298 – Honors General Science 

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades:  9 Required
    • Meeting Schedule: Daily for Semester
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.1
    • Placement Criteria: Recommended minimum final average of 85% in preceding Honors Science course or recommended minimum final average of 92% in preceding core science class.
    • Course Prerequisite: None
    • Course Description: This high school level general science honors course will introduce students to the nature of science with a balance of topics related to Chemistry, Biology, and Earth Science. Through various instructional methods, including lab investigations and hands-on activities, students will strengthen key skills, such as interpreting data, reading graphs, and taking measurements.  This course is designed to provide a foundational study of science to prepare all students for the array of high school science courses.  


    299 - General Science 

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades: 9 Required
    • Meeting Schedule: Daily for Semester
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.0
    • Placement Criteria: None
    • Course Prerequisite: None
    • Course Description: This high school level general science course will introduce students to the nature of science with a balance of topics related to Chemistry, Biology, and Earth Science.  Through various instructional methods, including lab investigations and hands-on activities, students will strengthen key skills, such as interpreting data, reading graphs, and taking measurements.  This course is designed to provide a foundational study of science to prepare all students for the array of high school science courses.

     


    310 – Honors Biology

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades: 9-10 Required
    • Meeting Schedule: Daily for Semester
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.1
    • Placement Criteria: Recommended minimum final average of 85% in Honors General Science course or a receommened minimum on final average of 92% in Onlevel General Science class
    • Course Prerequisite: None
    • Course Description: This course is intended for the highly motivated student. In addition to the Biology course content, students will have a more in-depth study of the material with emphasis given to the molecular biological concepts.


    311 - Biology

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades: 9-10 Required
    • Meeting Schedule: Daily for Semester
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.0
    • Placement Criteria: None
    • Course Prerequisite: None
    • Course Description: This course is a lab-oriented experience.  The course content includes laboratory safety, microscopy, cell structure and function, DNA, genetics, classification, and ecology.  Scientific models, patterns, systems, processes, scales and evolutionary relationships will be explored throughout the course.

     

    314 - Materials Science

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades: 11 and 12
    • Meeting Schedule: Daily for Semester
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.0
    • Placement Criteria: None
    • Course Prerequisite: Biology
    • Course DescriptionMaterials Science is the study of everyday objects and materials. It can be as simple as examining why Pyrex glass is used in baking or exploring the polymers used in packaging a bottle of laundry detergent, or as complex as researching the heat panels used in aerospace engineering. This lab-based STEM (Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics) course will challenge students to work as investigating problem solvers, studying the chemical composition and practical application of metals, ceramics, polymers, natural fibers, biological structures and composites, determining how the behavior of materials is directly linked to their fundamental structures and how those structures and properties can be improved through processing making our world a better place to live.


    321 – Honors Chemistry

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades:  10-12 Required
    • Meeting Schedule: Daily for Semester
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.1
    • Placement Criteria: Recommended minimum final average of 85% in Honors Algebra II or a recommended minimum final average of 92% in Algebra II.  Recommended minimum final average of 85% in Honors Biology
    • Course Prerequisite: Algebra II
    • Course Description: This course is intended for the highly motivated student. In addition to the Chemistry course content, students will have a more in-depth study of the material including some advanced theory. Content is delivered through direct instruction and is reinforced with laboratory exercises and daily homework. Applications of algebraic concepts are required throughout this course. This course is recommended for students who plan to pursue a STEM career.

     

    322 - Chemistry

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades: 10-12 Required
    • Meeting Schedule: Daily for Semester
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.0
    • Placement Criteria: None
    • Course Prerequisite: Algebra II 
    • Course Description: This course introduces the student to the basics of chemistry, but is not intended for students who plan to take chemistry in college.  Topics include measurement, matter, atomic theory, the periodic table, chemical bonding, chemical nomenclature, chemical equations and reactions, the mole concept and stoichiometry, and gases.


    325 – Honors Chemistry II

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades:  10-12 Elective
    • Meeting Schedule: Daily for Semester
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.1
    • Placement Criteria: Recommended minimum final average of 85% in Honors Chemistry or a recommended minimum final average of 92% in Chemistry.
    • Course Prerequisite: Honors Chemistry or Chemistry
    • Course Description: This weighted course is an advanced course for students interested in pursuing a career in any science-related field and is taught at the collegiate level, including timed assessments and collegiate pacing. This course is strongly recommended for any student pursuing a S.T.E.M. career. The course is a continuation of first-year Chemistry and focuses on chemical bonding, a detailed study of the three phases of matter, thermodynamics, solution chemistry, a detailed study of acids and bases, and if time, basic organic chemistry nomenclature. The course also reinforces the concepts from first-year Chemistry and provides a solid background for any college-bound S.T.E.M. student.


    331 – Honors Physics

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades: 11-12 Elective
    • Meeting Schedule: Daily for Semester or Every Other Day All Year
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.1
    • Placement Criteria: Recommended minimum final average of 85% in Honors Biology or a recommended minimum final average of 92% in Biology.
    • Course Prerequisite: Pre-calculus
    • Course Description: This course is intended for the highly motivated student.  It is assumed that students have strong math skills, allowing them to approach the study of physics from a mathematical as well as laboratory approach. Students who sign up for this class must have strong skills in algebra, vector analysis, geometry, and science. Labs will involve some basic statistical analysis of data that will be taught within the course.  Knowledge of calculus is not necessary for this course, but references will be made to calculus-based ideas. Topics of study include mechanics, electricity and magnetism, thermodynamics, waves and optics, sound, light, and modern physics.


    332 - Physics

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades: 11-12 Elective
    • Meeting Schedule: Daily for Semester
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.0
    • Placement Criteria: None
    • Course Prerequisite: Algebra II and Geometry
    • Course Description: This course is a conceptually and mathematically oriented class designed for students with differing backgrounds, skills, and career plans. It is designed for students who will attend college, but do not plan to major in the physical sciences or engineering. Topics of study include mechanics, electricity, thermodynamics, waves and optics, sound, and light.  The emphasis is on looking at each topic from a mathematical and laboratory approach applying what is learned to real world applications.


    341 – Environmental Science

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades: 11-12 Elective
    • Meeting Schedule: Daily for Semester
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.0
    • Placement Criteria: None
    • Course Prerequisite: General Science and Biology
    • Course Description: This course will focus on environmental issues and finding solutions using S.T.E.M. (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) methodologies. Students will use inquiry, research, design and experiment to identify and try to find solutions for the problems that affect our local and global environment. Students enrolled in this course are expected to be curious, motivated and driven to solve real problems, such as the need for clean water, pollution, the human effect on our biosphere, and energy conservation and creation.

     

    345 - Honors Competition Science I

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades: 9-12 Elective
    • Meeting Schedule: Every Other Day All Year
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.1
    • Placement Criteria: None
    • Course Prerequisite: Honors English in past or current year recommended.
    • Course Description: This elective course will provide students with the opportunity to develop, conduct and present an original research project that will be entered into the Lancaster Science and Engineering Fair. In addition, students will compete in the Science Olympiad, which requires participants to work cooperatively as a team to solve science-related problems in a competitive atmosphere. Experimental design, measurement techniques, statistical analysis of data, literature research techniques, scientific writing and scientific presentation techniques will be covered. Students are required to participate in the Regional Science Olympiad and the Lancaster County Science and Engineering Fair. The Science Olympiad is held on a Saturday in the month of March, and the science fair will require time outside of school to participate. In this course it is expected that students exhibit a serious commitment to independently learning new material as needed for participation in various science competitions.

     

    346 - Honors Competition Science II

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades: 9-12 Elective
    • Meeting Schedule: Every Other Day All Year
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.1
    • Placement Criteria: None
    • Course Prerequisite: Honors Competition Science I; Honors English in past or current year recommended.
    • Course Description: This elective course will provide students with the opportunity to develop, conduct and present an original research project that will be entered into the Lancaster Science and Engineering Fair. In addition, students will compete in the Science Olympiad, which requires participants to work cooperatively as a team to solve science-related problems in a competitive atmosphere. Experimental design, measurement techniques, statistical analysis of data, literature research techniques, scientific writing and scientific presentation techniques will be covered. Students are required to participate in the Regional Science Olympiad and the Lancaster County Science and Engineering Fair. The Science Olympiad is held on a Saturday in the month of March, and the science fair will require time outside of school to participate. In this course it is expected that students exhibit a serious commitment to independently learning new material as needed for participation in various science competitions.

     

    347 - Honors Competition Science III

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades: 9-12 Elective
    • Meeting Schedule: Every Othe Day All Year
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.1
    • Placement Criteria: None
    • Course Prerequisite: Honors Competition Science II; Honors English in past or current year recommended.
    • Course Description: This elective course will provide students with the opportunity to develop, conduct and present an original research project that will be entered into the Lancaster Science and Engineering Fair. In addition, students will compete in the Science Olympiad, which requires participants to work cooperatively as a team to solve science-related problems in a competitive atmosphere. Experimental design, measurement techniques, statistical analysis of data, literature research techniques, scientific writing and scientific presentation techniques will be covered. Students are required to participate in the Regional Science Olympiad and the Lancaster County Science and Engineering Fair. The Science Olympiad is held on a Saturday in the month of March, and the science fair will require time outside of school to participate. In this course it is expected that students exhibit a serious commitment to independently learning new material as needed for participation in various science competitions.

    348 - Honors Competition Science IV

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades: 9-12 Elective
    • Meeting Schedule: Every Other Day All Year
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.1
    • Placement Criteria: None
    • Course Prerequisite: Honors Competition Science III; Honors English in past or current year recommended.
    • Course Description: This elective course will provide students with the opportunity to develop, conduct and present an original research project that will be entered into the Lancaster Science and Engineering Fair. In addition, students will compete in the Science Olympiad, which requires participants to work cooperatively as a team to solve science-related problems in a competitive atmosphere. Experimental design, measurement techniques, statistical analysis of data, literature research techniques, scientific writing and scientific presentation techniques will be covered. Students are required to participate in the Regional Science Olympiad and the Lancaster County Science and Engineering Fair. The Science Olympiad is held on a Saturday in the month of March, and the science fair will require time outside of school to participate. In this course it is expected that students exhibit a serious commitment to independently learning new material as needed for participation in various science competitions.

     

    352 – Forensic Chemistry

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades: 11-12 Elective
    • Meeting Schedule: Daily for Semester
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.0
    • Placement Criteria: None
    • Course Prerequisite: Chemistry
    • Course Description: This course is a laboratory-oriented course designed for students who have already completed a chemistry course and enjoy investigating scientific processes that may be encountered during a forensic investigation. Forensic Science is the application of science to law in events subject to criminal or civil litigation and includes a number of different technical fields, including physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, psychology, and medicine. Experiments will be conducted that have been designed by the American Academy of Forensic Sciences. Topics may include fingerprint identification; hair analysis, fiber analysis, blood typing, toxicology, white powder analysis, questioned documents, cheiloscopy, ondontology and DNA analysis. This course should not be substituted for Physics.


    353 - Oceanography

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered: Evan Years
    • Grades: 11-12 Elective
    • Meeting Schedule: Daily for Semester
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.0
    • Placement Criteria: None
    • Course Prerequisite: Biology and General Science
    • Course Description: Using an inquiry-based approach, this course introduces students to topics in Physical, Chemical, Geological, and Biological Oceanography. Students will gain an understanding of the dynamic systems and relationships that exist within the ocean environment, as well as the role of the oceans as part of the earth system.


    356 – General Zoology/General Botany

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered: Een Years Only
    • Grades:  10-12 Elective
    • Meeting Schedule: Daily for Semester
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.0
    • Placement Criteria: None
    • Course Prerequisite: Biology
    • Course Description: General Zoology is a survey of the animal kingdom through comparison of live specimens and dissection of selected preserved specimens. General Botany is a survey of the plant kingdom through comparative classification of live and preserved specimens. Students will work independently on investigations, as well as collaboratively, to pose and answer research problems. This course is recommended for those students interested in a science career.


    357 – Honors Human Anatomy & Physiology

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades: 10-12 Elective
    • Meeting Schedule: Daily for Semester
    • Pathway: Health & Social Services
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.1
    • Placement Criteria: Recommended minimum final average of 85% in Honors Biology or a recommended minimum final average of 92% in Biology.
    • Course Prerequisite: Biology
    • Course Description: This course is a study of the structure and function of the human body. Major units include: levels of organization, support and movement, integration and coordination, transport, absorption and excretion and the human life cycle.  Numerous lab activities will supplement the classroom experience including a dissection of a fetal pig and other selected organs.


    358 – Discovering The Universe

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades: 10-12 Elective
    • Meeting Schedule: Daily for Semester
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.0
    • Placement Criteria: None
    • Course Prerequisite: None
    • Course Description: This course will include introductory units of Discovery and Inquiry of Astronomy such as – The Origin of the Universe, The Life and Death of Stars, The Galaxies (with focus on The Milky Way Galaxy), The Planets, The Earth/Moon System, Light, and Cycles and Patterns of Observable Space (The Constellations). The course will require students to complete some nighttime observations on their own and will not require a telescope for completion.  Students may voluntarily participate in nighttime telescopic viewing led by the teacher. Some algebraic math calculations will be required.


    359 – Honors Biochemistry/Biotechnology

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades:  11-12 Elective
    • Meeting Schedule: Daily for Semester
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.1
    • Placement Criteria: Recommended minimum final average of 85% in Honors Biology and Honors Chemistry or a recommended minimum final average of 92% in Biology and Chemistry.
    • Course Prerequisite: Biology and Chemistry
    • Course Description: This lab-centered course examines the chemistry of the life processes. Three major units are studied during the semester.  Unit one examines basic organic chemistry: the chemistry of carbon compounds, which form the background for all biologically important compounds.  In unit two the focus is on the biological molecules: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.  The final unit is biotechnology: techniques used to extract, manipulate and analyze DNA will be learned and performed in the laboratory.


     
     
    ADVANCED PLACEMENT SCIENCE EDUCATION COURSE
     
    335A – AP Physics I

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades: 11-12 Elective
    • Meeting Schedule: Every Other Day for Semester
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.20
    • Syllabus
    • Placement Criteria: None
    • Course Prerequisite: Calculus
    • Course Description: This weighted course covers topics in mechanics, rotational motion, electrostatics, electric circuits, and waves that are included in introductory college physics courses. The course will also allow students to explore these topics in a laboratory setting, with the emphasis on solving calculus based physics problems. Timed assessments will be given in this course.  This course would be beneficial for those who plan to major in physics, mathematics, chemistry or engineering in college. Upon successful completion of these courses students may choose to take the AP Physics I exam.  Students scoring three or above may receive college credit from participating colleges and universities.
    • To find colleges and universities that offer credit or placement for AP scores see www.collegeboard.org/apcreditpolicy


    335B –AP Physics II

    • 1.0 Credit
    • Offered Every Year
    • Grades: 11-12 Elective
    • Meeting Schedule: Every Other Day for Semester
    • Pathway: Engineering, Science & Technology
    • Lab Fee: None
    • Weighting: 1.20
    • Syllabus
    • Placement Criteria: None
    • Course Prerequisite: Calculus, AP Physics I
    • Course Description: This weighted course covers topics in fluids, thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics that are included in introductory college physics courses. The course will also allow students to explore these topics in a laboratory setting, with the emphasis on solving calculus based physics problems.  Timed assessments will be given in this course.  This course would be beneficial for those who plan to major in physics, mathematics, chemistry or engineering in college. Upon successful completion of these courses students may choose to take the AP Physics II exam.  Students scoring three or above may receive college credit from participating colleges and universities.
    • To find colleges and universities that offer credit or placement for AP scores see www.collegeboard.org/apcreditpolicy